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Měny-forex  |  28.11.2022 10:35:50

Monetary developments in the euro area: October 2022

  • PRESS RELEASE

Monetary developments in the euro area: October 2022

28 November 2022

Components of the broad monetary aggregate M3

The annual growth rate of the broad monetary aggregate M3 decreased to 5.1% in October 2022 from 6.3% in September[1], averaging 5.8% in the three months up to October. The components of M3 showed the following developments. The annual growth rate of the narrower aggregate M1, which comprises currency in circulation and overnight deposits, decreased to 3.8% in October from 5.6% in September. The annual growth rate of short-term deposits other than overnight deposits (M2-M1) increased to 9.9% in October from 8.1% in September. The annual growth rate of marketable instruments (M3-M2) decreased to 3.2% in October from 7.8% in September.

Chart 1

Monetary aggregates

(annual growth rates)

Data for monetary aggregates

Looking at the components' contributions to the annual growth rate of M3, the narrower aggregate M1 contributed 2.7 percentage points (down from 4.1 percentage points in September), short-term deposits other than overnight deposits (M2-M1) contributed 2.2 percentage points (up from 1.8 percentage points) and marketable instruments (M3-M2) contributed 0.2 percentage points (down from 0.4 percentage points).

From the perspective of the holding sectors of deposits in M3, the annual growth rate of deposits placed by households stood at 4.1% in October, compared with 4.2% in September, while the annual growth rate of deposits placed by non-financial corporations stood at 6.0% in October, compared with 5.9% in September. Finally, the annual growth rate of deposits placed by non-monetary financial corporations (excluding insurance corporations and pension funds) decreased to 7.0% in October from 18.1% in September.

Counterparts of the broad monetary aggregate M3

As a reflection of changes in the items on the monetary financial institution (MFI) consolidated balance sheet other than M3 (counterparts of M3), the annual growth rate of M3 in October 2022 can be broken down as follows: credit to the private sector contributed 5.0 percentage points (down from 5.5 percentage points in September), credit to general government contributed 1.9 percentage points (down from 2.1 percentage points), longer-term financial liabilities contributed 0.2 percentage points (up from 0.1 percentage points), net external assets contributed -1.1 percentage points (up from -1.2 percentage points), and the remaining counterparts of M3 contributed -0.8 percentage points (down from -0.2 percentage points).

Chart 2

Contribution of the M3 counterparts to the annual growth rate of M3

(percentage points)

Data for contribution of the M3 counterparts to the annual growth rate of M3

Credit to euro area residents

As regards the dynamics of credit, the annual growth rate of total credit to euro area residents decreased to 5.0% in October 2022 from 5.5% in the previous month. The annual growth rate of credit to general government decreased to 4.6% in October from 5.0% in September, while the annual growth rate of credit to the private sector decreased to 5.2% in October from 5.7% in September.

The annual growth rate of adjusted loans to the private sector (i.e. adjusted for loan sales, securitisation and notional cash pooling) decreased to 6.5% in October from 7.0% in September. Among the borrowing sectors, the annual growth rate of adjusted loans to households decreased to 4.2% in October from 4.4% in September, while the annual growth rate of adjusted loans to non-financial corporations stood at 8.9% in October, unchanged from the previous month.

Chart 3

Adjusted loans to the private sector

(annual growth rates)

Data for adjusted loans to the private sector

Notes:

  • Data in this press release are adjusted for seasonal and end-of-month calendar effects, unless stated otherwise.
  • "Private sector" refers to euro area non-MFIs excluding general government.
  • Hyperlinks in the main body of the press release and in annex tables lead to data that may change with subsequent releases as a result of revisions. Figures shown in annex tables are a snapshot of the data as at the time of the current release.
  1.  The M3 annual growth rate in September 2022 would have stood at around 5.8% without a one-off technical factor related to a temporary deposit in the Eurosystem. That temporary deposit had been placed by a clearinghouse classified within the “non-monetary financial corporations excluding insurance corporations and pension funds” sector and was reversed in October 2022.

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